Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

               Since the 1990s, ADHD has been one of the most frequently discussed psychiatric disorders. ADHD prevalence is increasing nowadays and the causes are many. Sometimes the distinction between ADHD and normal behavior is unclear. The line between age-appropriate normal behavior and disordered behavior is very thin.

               ADHD is one of the most debated disruptive behavior disorders in childhood. It usually first manifests by the age of 5. It is more common in boys than in girls.

Core features of ADHD are

  1. Hyperactivity: Although hyperactivity/over-activity is seen commonly as subjective restlessness, irritability, behavioral issues it should get more attention for its severity.
  2. In-attention: The second important feature of ADHD, an attentional problem is commonly seen as forgetfulness, careless attitude, academic problems, the sudden change in academic scores etc.
  3. Impulsivity: Impulsivity is component of hyperactivity and it means sudden decision making without much thinking about its results. It will hamper child’s social circle, their pear group adjustments and risk taking behaviors in adolescent age.

               These all features of ADHD ultimately lead to problems at school or work, peer relationships and low self-esteem, which later can cause depression, anxiety or sometimes in later life alcohol and other substance abuse.

               But best part of it is that, we have proper treatment in the form of drugs and therapy and child can get rid of problems. Parents should get aware about initial symptoms and should concern child and adolescent psychiatrist at early age.

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