Shri Rishi Psychiatry Clinic – Autism Test Center
What is autism?
Autism is a neurological developmental disability that hampers normal brain development, affecting communication, social interaction, cognition, and behavior.
Autism is known as a spectrum disorder because its symptoms and characteristics appear in a variety of combinations that affect children in different ways. Some children may have severe challenges and would need help while others may be able to manage their tasks independently, with less help.
Earlier, each condition (autistic disorder, pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS), and Asperger syndrome) was diagnosed seperately but now, these conditions are grouped together and are called as autism spectrum disorder.
How is autism diagnosed?
There is no single medical test for diagnosing autism but a set of specific evaluations and assessments to confirm the condition. Some of the assessments include:
- Physical and nervous system (neurological) test
- Autism Diagnostic Interview – Revised (ADI-R)
- Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS)
- Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS)
- Gilliam Autism Rating Scale
- Pervasive Developmental Disorders Screening Test
- Genetic testing to check for chromosomal abnormalities
- Tests on communication, language, speech, motor skills, academic performance and progress, cognition skills